Web development has become crucial to the digital strategies of most modern businesses. However, such attempts are often blocked by asking, “Should we use Node.js or Python for our application development?” »
Node.js and Python are the most popular technologies for backend development. And when it comes to web development, it can be difficult to choose between Node.js and Python. Selecting the right tech stack for your project is critical. This is mainly dictated by the cost of the project, the launch schedule and its efficiency to maintain and evolve.
This question has and continues to embarrass countless businesses around the world; so, if you too are facing such a problem, here is a short guide to help you find an answer:
- Architecture: The way a software system is organized or structured plays a key role in deciding the performance and behavior of the application. So, let’s cut to the chase: Node.js is based on a single-threaded event loop model that makes it easy to manage multiple clients simultaneously. Moreover, Node.js involves fewer threads and also requires fewer resources, thus providing much faster task execution. Python is very different from Node.js in this department – it does not support multi-threading and does not convert its code directly to machine code. Instead, Python first compiles the code to bytecode and then converts it to machine code through an interpreter.
- Use case: It goes without saying that how and where a given development tool can be used is an essential consideration for companies looking to choose such a resource for their project. Node.js is best for real-time applications, thanks to its event-based architecture. Besides that, it can also be used comfortably to create data streaming applications, single-page applications, I/O bound applications, data-intensive real-time applications, etc. With Python, you can develop visualization-based data science applications. , data analysis, neural networks, machine learning systems, image processing software, etc.
- Scalability: The ability of a given system to adjust performance and cost to changes in traffic and demand, without affecting application performance, i.e. scalability, is also a essential parameter that the company must take into account. In this regard, Node.js keeps its promises, and how! With Node.js, scaling to multiple microservices is easy and efficient, thanks to lightweight communication and fast process execution. Unfortunately, Python doesn’t fare as well in this department, due to execution speed, lack of multi-threading support, etc.
- The rapidity: Speed is one of the most crucial considerations for any given programming language, as it determines how fast the application performs. Since Node.js runs the code outside of the web browser, the application can provide better performance and is much more resource efficient. With its non-blocking features and V8 engine, Node.js is an excellent choice for real-time applications. While Python is an interpreted language i.e. it first compiles the code to bytecode before converting it to machine code. This requires a longer execution time for the application, which makes Python slower than Node.js.
There’s no denying that despite their differences, Node.js and Python remain among the most sought-after development tools for building web and back-end applications. Now, choosing one of these two tools for your business will depend on your unique business requirements. So before deciding whether to start looking for a Node.js web development company or one for Python, it would be a good idea to first take the time to carefully consider how each of the two measures up against the specific requirements of your project. Then you should start looking for experts.